Translate This!: “Should I invest in stocks or bonds?”

By: Julio Perez, Fall 2017 IAC Graduate Research Assistant

Stocks and bonds are words pretty much everyone has heard, but many people probably don’t know what they exactly mean (or at least I hope I am not the only one). Last week, I explained what a security was and used myself buying stocks and bonds as an example. Continue reading

Georgia Pediatric Program: An Introduction to GAPP

By Jenna Dakroub, HeLP Fall 2017 Student Intern

The Georgia Pediatric Program (GAPP) is a resource provided by the state of Georgia to young children with medical illnesses. GAPP is a community-based service facilitated through the Georgia Department of Community Health and is one of several offered waiver programs. Each waiver program is designed to help individuals who qualify for institutional care remain in their community, or return to their community if they have already been institutionalized. Eligibility for the program is based on medical necessity and the need for skilled nursing and/or personal care support services. Additionally, children must be Medicaid eligible in order to be members of GAPP. More information on Medicaid, its eligibility requirements, and how to apply can be found here.

Medicaid is a health insurance program for low-income families. In Georgia, to be eligible for Medicaid you must have a low income, be a U.S. citizen or a lawfully admitted immigrant, and match one of the following: you think you are pregnant; are a child or teenager; are 65 or older, are legally blind; have a disability; or need a nursing home. Applications for GAPP, in turn, are completed by the individual Medicaid providers enrolled to offer services through the program. Continue reading

Translate This!: “I want to buy some securities.”

By: Julio Perez, Fall 2017 Graduate Research Assistant

We may as well start with brass tacks: what is a security? Investor.gov defines a security as an “investment interest such as a stock or bond.”  So I traded one word I did not understand for four. The NASDAQ website goes into a bit more detail, defining stock as “Paper certificates or electronic records evidencing ownership of equity (stocks) or debt obligations (bonds).” Continue reading

Wednesday’s Word: Mutual Funds

By Alisa Radut, Fall 2017 Investor Advocacy Clinic Intern

Mutual Funds are investment companies that combine money from different investors, and, based on specific goals, invest in stocks, bonds, money-market instruments, and other securities.  Shares can only be purchased from the fund itself or its broker (for example, they cannot be purchased from other investors).  Investors who wish to sell their mutual fund shares redeem them by selling them back to the fund, or the broker for the fund, and they receive the current net asset value per share.  Mutual funds are regulated by and registered with the SEC, and are managed by investment advisers, who are also registered with the SEC.  As with all investments, it is important to do your homework before deciding whether or what type of mutual fund is best for your financial goals.  The answers to some frequently asked questions regarding the different class types of mutual fund shares can be found on the FINRA website.  Keep in mind that the risks and fees associated with each mutual fund varies, depending on what type of fund it is.  FINRA also provides a useful list of five things you should know before investing in a mutual fund, including how much it is going to cost, and what the fund’s goals are.  To help further increase your investing knowledge, listen to FINRA’s podcast on Mutual Funds.

New Blog Series: Translate This

By Julio Perez, IAC Guest Blogger

A major complaint most lawyers hear at some point is that they use too much legalese when talking to clients! The world of investments and stocks contains lingo similar to “legalese” (Investalese? Stockalese?) and rookie investors might be putting their money in the hands of “experts” who bombard them with such technical terms without fully understanding where their money goes. The real problem comes when these experts dazzle and awe their clients with this language only to scam them out of their money, with the rookie investor left none the wiser. I, as a neophyte law student who knows nothing of investing and until recently believed the “stock market” was some sort of open-air yard sale, am in the same vulnerable position as any other person trying to get into the stock market and invest into their future.

The purpose of this blog series is to take readers, both experienced and inexperienced, on an educational journey as I take the most cryptic and befuddling investing phrases and break them down into terms simple enough for me to understand (What does it mean to diversify a portfolio, and what does “using derivatives as an effective hedge against their underlying assets” mean?) Each post will begin with the most incomprehensible investing phrase I can think of, and end with the simplest plain-English “translation” I can manage. Each blog post will also contain links to official sources describing the investment terms in greater detail. This blog is by no means intended to be a guide on how to invest and enter the stock market, but hopefully by the end I can help at least some people avoid popular investment traps and better navigate the puzzling world of investments.

Professional Financial Adviser’s Pitch Goes Horribly Wrong to Professional Athletes

By Qudsia Shafiq, Fall 2017 IAC Student Intern

What can happen when a financial adviser meets deep-pocketed athletes who refuse to invest in his movie venture proposals? For one financial adviser, this meant ignoring the pros that told him no.

On May 6, 2016, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filed a complaint against Louis Martin Blazer III for allegedly repeatedly taking money from his clients under the guise of raising money for two film projects: “Mafia the Movie” and “Sibling.” The SEC charged Blazer, a Pennsylvania-based financial adviser with defrauding pro athletes and lying to SEC Examiners. The high-end, concierge firm allegedly took nearly $2.35 million from five different clients without their consent, all to invest in the two movie projects. Continue reading

Qudsia Shafiq’s Remarks at SEC Investor Advisory Committee Meeting

On October 12, 2017, IAC Student Attorney Qudsia Shafiq delivered the following remarks to the SEC’s Investor Advisory Committee:

Good afternoon. My name is Qudsia Shafiq and I am a third-year law student at the Georgia State University College of Law, where I am a student intern in the Investor Advocacy Clinic.  Thank you for giving me this opportunity to speak today. I would like to talk to you about our clients, “the little guy.” I will spend my time describing who our clients are, why they come to us, and why our clinic is so important for both clients, like them, and students, like me.

First, I would like to describe our clients. Every semester, we receive dozens of phone calls – calls from investors across the country. They are regular, middle-class Americans: hairdressers and homemakers, mechanics and skilled tradesmen, paralegals and schoolteachers – who are successful in their own professions but unsophisticated in financial matters. Despite their different backgrounds, they all share one misfortune: they entrusted a financial adviser who ultimately failed them.  They thought they were being responsible. They worked hard to routinely save or received a small inheritance, thinking they were contributing to a comfortable retirement. They have lost up to $100,000 of their hard-earned money and have no other access to legal help.  Most of our clients are near or past the age of retirement. Just like you and me, they hoped to spend this time with their families and friends, grandkids and great-grandkids – not with us and financial advisers in an arbitration proceeding. Our clients trusted their financial adviser, and now they are trusting us.  Continue reading